Under the final draft constitution the president could still name the prime minister but should the president’s nominee fail to win a vote of confidence in parliament it will be up to the upper house of parliament to name an alternative.
Several articles regulating presidential elections were also approved.
Articles 138 and 139 state that “presidential elections will be held by secret ballot… if a candidate dies before a second round run-off whoever received the most votes in the first round will be named president.”
Article 140 stipulates that the president-elect must be sworn into office before the two houses of parliament, though should either one of the two houses be dissolved at the time of swearing in it will be sufficient for the oath to be taken before the house that remains sitting.
Article 227 limits presidential terms to four years, and any incumbent to two terms.
The assembly also approved two articles regulating the Supreme Constitutional Court .The first article obliges the SCC to rule on the constitutionality of laws regulating presidential, parliamentary and local elections and the exercise of political rights before, rather than after, they go into effect.
Gamal Gibril, chairman of the Constituent Assembly’s System of Governance sub-Committee, argued that the change was necessary because “we can never accept a democratically-elected parliament being dissolved on the grounds that the election law under which it was elected was flawed.”
“The court has to tell us whether the law is constitutional before polls are held and a parliament elected.”
The SCC, Gibril added, will be required to provide a verdict on the laws in question within 35 days of their being approved by parliament and before elections are held.